CAVES NORTH CORFU


KLIMATIA 

ANTHROPOGRAVA CAVE

The Anthropograva cave is located in Klimatia, north of the hill Loukios at an altitude of 270 metres. The cave is close to the road that leads to the Monastery of Agia Triada.

 

The entrance of the Anthropograva cave is 4 metres wide and approximately 2.50 metres high. Behind the entrance there is a descending corridor of 7 metres long, 11 metres wide and 3 metres high. At the beginning of this descending corridor a chamber with 27 metres length and 20 metres width opens up. The height of it reaches 2 to 0.5 metres. Two large boulders reach the roof of the cave.

 

Left hand side of the cave:

The entire cave has a slope from left to right and a number of boulders have rolled from left to right. The Anthropograva cave can be divided into a left and a right part. The left part of the cave up to the wall is full of small columns and stalagmites. In the center of it are lots of boulders. The entire left part of the cave has a low ceiling. Up to 20 metres long the height varies from 1.5 to 0.8 metres. Further on it continues another 18 metres with a maximum height of 0.6 metre. Here it is very difficult to crawl between boulders, stalagmites and small columns. They form an obstacle to determine the exact length of the left part of the cave. 

 

Right hand side of the cave and the second level:

The right part is the main chamber. Measured from the centre of the corridor it is 25 metres long and 21 metres wide. The height is up to 6.5 metres. Large stalagmites are found at the far right. The biggest stalagmite is 2.50 metres high and looks like the Tower of Pisa. On the walls you find the richest decorations of the cave. At this point two sinks are located with a vertical drop of 4.5 metres. They lead to a second, lower level of the cave. Τhe left side of this second level is connected to the right side of the left part of the first level and is in fact a descending chamber with a very low ceiling, separated by rows of fallen rock dividing the cave into two levels.

 

Present and main entrance of the cave:

Speleologists are greatly interested in the cave because its present entrance is not the main entrance. The present entrance was formed by the first level. The thickness of the rock that separated it from the surface was thin and dropped from the wall and opened up the entrance. 

 

The main entrance to the cave was probably located in the centre of the left part of the cave. This is revealed by several dents in the ground above and on the left side of the present entrance. The old entrance can be opened for tourist visits to the cave.

 

Dimensions:

The cave covers an area of 1,390 square metres. The total surface of the cave is about 500 square metres.

 

Folklore and oral tradition:

There are stories about pirates and it is often said that the cave was used as a shelter.

 

It is said that during World World II the village was empty and a woman who was forgotten told the Germans (out or revance) that the villagers hid in the cave. The Germans killed all including the woman, with a flamethrower. 

 

Study of the cave:

The cave was studied and mapped in 1969. Research revealed pieces of Archaic pottery, a Byzantine coin and sickles.

 

Flora & Fauna:

During a visit to the cave in 2017 and 2018 lots of cave crickets were spotted. Find more information about the cave cricket on Corfu here. Also a common toad (Bufo bufo spinosus) was spotted inside the cave (2017, 2018) and a dormouse (Glis glis) (2018).

 

During a visit to the cave in February 2019 about 250 possible Greater horseshoe bats were spotted on the bottom of the first floor of the cave.

 

Cave record Hellenic Speleological Society ΑΣΜ ΕΣΕ 562. 

 

Literature:

Russo di C., Rampini M. & Cobolli M. The cave crickets of Greece: a contribution to the study of Southern Balkan Rhaphidophoridae diversity (Orthoptera), with the description of a new species of Troglophilus Krauss, 1879.  Biodiversity Journal, 2014, 5 (3): p. 397 - 420.

 

Θεοδώρου Γ. σε συνεργασία με Ρουσιάκη Σ., Κίρδη Σ., Λαμπροπούλου Γ., Υψηλάντη Ε., Δημητρακόπουλου Λ. και Πλέσσια Π., (2000) - Παρατηρήσεις σε σπήλαια της βόρειας Κέρκυρας, Δελτίο της Ελληνικής Σπηλαιολογικής Εταιρείας, τόμος 22, τεύχ. 1: σ. 71 - 84.   

 

Ιωάννου Ι. (1972) - Σπήλαιον Ανθροπόγραβα Κλιματιάς Κέρκυρας, Δελτίο της Ελληνικής Σπηλαιολογικής Εταιρείας, τόμος 11, τεύχ. 5 - 6: σ. 112 - 115. 

 

Μπουνιάς ΙωάννηςΚερκυραϊκά Ιστορία - Λαογραφίατόμος Α΄Αθήνα 1954, σ. 63.

    

 *** IMPORTANT NOTE ***

© Copyright - Speleo Corfu 

 All intellectual property rights relating to information (text, picture, sound, video, etc.) on this website are licensed to Speleo Corfu. Copying, distribution and any other use of these materials is not permitted without the written permission of Speleo Corfu. 

All rights reserved.